"Against Oblivion": photo exhibition opened in memory of the victims of Babi Yar Kiev

29 September 2016, 11:43 | The Company
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In Kiev at the Babi Yar, an exhibition of works of the photographer Luigi Toscano, timed to the 75th anniversary of the tragedy.

It includes portraits of people who survived the Holocaust, writes DW.

Unforgotten Holocaust victims in these days remember the victims of the tragedy in Ukraine, which took place 75 years ago in Kiev on the territory of Babi Yar. 29-30 September 1941, the Nazis shot here 33 771 Jews. However, the exact number of those killed at Babi Yar is still unknown, because during the mass executions were not considered children up to 3 years. In this photo - one of the portraits in the exhibition.

Witnesses are fewer total, according to sources, in the tract Babi Yar were shot from 100 to 200 thousand people: Soviet prisoners of war, the underground, the mentally ill, Jews, Gypsies, Karaites, children. For decades, Soviet propaganda silent about the scale of the tragedy of Babi Yar. Escape from death at Babi Yar, 29 people were able to. But with each passing day the number of witnesses of the tragedy is rapidly decreasing.

Against oblivion Luigi Toscano photo exhibition called "Against Oblivion". In Kiev, presented 50 of 200 portraits of people who survived the Holocaust. Toscano met with their heroes in the Ukraine, Israel, the Russian Federation, the United States and other countries. In this picture - the time of installation of exhibits in the alleys of Babi Yar.

Life and Fate Wide (1.8 mx 3 m) posted a photo along two main avenues of the state historical and cultural reserve "Babi Yar". In one of the portraits of Ukrainian Jews, Holocaust survivors, and so-called "ostarbeiters", the other - the victims of the Holocaust from other countries.

Luigi Toscano and his exhibition of German photographer Luigi Toscano Italian descent grew up in a family of migrant workers. In his youth, he has worked as a roofer, a security guard, wash the windows. Luigi says that complex situation inspired him to become a photographer. Independently mastered the art of photography, he began to talk about human destiny with the help of photo. "Against Oblivion" - one of his most ambitious projects.

The tragedy of Babi Yar In autumn 2015 a photo exhibition was first presented in the building of the Old fire tower in Mannheim. The portraits were displayed in the windows of a building. After the Babi Yar in Kiev, the exhibition will travel to the Dnieper and the Lions. "Here, in the midst of the tragedy of the 20th century, the exhibition Luigi Toscano keeps alive the memory of the past that we are not allowed to forget" - said German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier.

For each photo - human life mass shootings on September 29-30, 1941 at Babi Yar - a terrible tragedy. According to official data, for the two nights was destroyed over 30 thousand Jews, many of whom were children. "Emotionally, it was very difficult to work on this show," - says the photographer Toscano. - For each photo - the whole human life. No one should be left behind ".

To live Zdzislaw Zvinyarski was born in Warsaw in 1926. After the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, he was arrested and sent to Dachau concentration camp. He survived the death march. Then Zvinyarski was in the concentration camps Mannheim-Zandhofen, Kohendorf and Natzweiler-Struthof. In the latter he was in before the closing of the camp in March 1945. This photo was taken 3 months before the death of Zdzislaw Zvinyarski, September 16, 2014.

Living witnesses Basil St. Michael - one of the heroes of the Kiev exhibition Luigi Toscano. In late September 1941 Michael from execution at Babi Yar rescued his nurse, showing his Ukrainian passport. Basil St. Michael - this is the third man's name. Before the occupation he was called Caesar Katz, then an orphanage nurse called him Basil and gave his name - Fomin and Mikhailovsky, he became a foster family.

Memory Culture "I especially remember the words of one of the heroines - says Toscano. - It was Susan Cherniak. She said that if people forget their past, they deserve a repeat ". Susan Chernyak was born in Vienna in 1922. In the 20 years of her with her mother were sent to Theresienstadt. In 1943 they were in Auschwitz. Two years later - the concentration camp Ravensbruck. Susan and survived a death march.

Every fourth Creating a single memorial complex of the Babi Yar tragedy in Ukraine still remains a problem. The same applies to the creation of a unified educational cycle, which would be dedicated to the Holocaust in Ukraine. Historian Boris Zabarko says that every fourth Ukrainian Jew was a victim of the Holocaust.

You can not kill the memory active on the creation of the memorial complex began to work only in recent years. Today on the territory of the state of cultural and historical reserve "Babi Yar" restoration work carried out, installed lighting, benches, green areas ennobled. There were shootings and monuments to the victims of Babi Yar.

Gypsy caravans The first victims of the tragedy in Babi Yar, Roma, separate monument was erected only in September 2016. In September 1941, in the tract shot 5 gypsy camp.

Based on materials: dw.com

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